Even though the cloud is already a reality, its true possibilities are barely being seen. These are the four main ways in which the cloud will redefine our lives over the next decade, and the following years:
Construction of the digital infrastructure
The cloud will provide the digital infrastructure of the cities of tomorrow, which are the spaces where around 6 billion of the world’s population will live by 2045. Smart elevators and parking lots, cars with their own driving, trains, meters, farms and plants of energy, they will be much safer and better managed thanks to the ability of the cloud to collect, store and analyze information.
Similarly, the cloud will allow the transformation of companies, especially SMEs, when data analysis, artificial intelligence and other tools are available as services. Because each industry is different, Huawei is currently working on the so-called “Cloud Industry”: thousands of different and separate clouds, all working together in a digital ecosystem that works for all industries, for example:
– A cloud for commercial aviation will help airlines to better manage land services such as maintenance, fuel, baggage handling and cabin cleaning, so that in this way there is a service more efficient and reduce the waiting time on the ground of airplanes.
– The cloud can automatically repair errors that occur in the power supply network, thus ensuring that all homes and businesses have the energy they need.
– A cloud for banking will allow financial institutions to analyze thousands of transactions per second to identify any fraud.
Regardless of the industry or the size of the company, all companies need the digital infrastructure to develop their business operations. The relevant thing about the cloud is that it will make ICTs go from being a support tool, to a production tool. A clear example is OpenDesk, a London-based company, that uses the cloud to upload the designs of the furniture it sells and allows customers to download the plans to make the furniture in each city. This has allowed them to reduce shipping and inventory costs, and at the same time, the company’s carbon emission.
The cloud will help society cope with the large increase in data volume. This includes applications such as high-definition videos, which Huawei estimates will mean 89% of data traffic per person by 2025. In the near future, the bandwidth and storage requirements will not be defined by the videos of Cats that users generate, but will be defined by images and videos for purposes other than entertainment, for example the advertisements and video recordings used in public safety applications.
Similarly, data produced by digital files or generated from communication between machines (IoT), will generate a large amount of data traffic. The cloud will allow to store this large volume and exploit it to obtain valuable information.
However, cell phones receive a lot of unstructured information such as emails, text messages and photos. Analyzing this type of data takes time and processing power that the vast majority of cell phones do not have, which requires sending all this data to more powerful servers located in the cloud, considerably reducing the response time of artificial intelligence.
The solution is to divide the work between the cloud and the computer. Training, the process through which artificial intelligence learns, happens in the cloud. When Google’s artificial intelligence algorithm plays chess millions of times against itself until it becomes a master capable of beating a human, it does so in the cloud, the place where the processing capacity is wide and artificial intelligence learns fast. Inference, where artificial intelligence applies what it has learned to real-life solutions, happens on the phones.
Smart phones will use the inference continuously, according to research developed by Huawei. This type of intelligence always active, will allow cell phones to respond immediately to voice commands, to make sure that the photos are cataloged according to their content and even program the camera settings perfectly for different objects under different light conditions.
This inference needs to process the data in real time and at all times. Even the super advanced cell phones of the future will not be able to meet the conditions that artificial intelligence needs, therefore they will be forced to work with the power of cloud processing.
The dream of cars without a driver traveling the streets and highways of our cities is still far away, but it will surely be achieved in the future, thanks to the power of the cloud.
Like cell phones, vehicles already come with sensors and cameras that generate a large amount of data. Most of this data needs to be processed in real time, so it will be executed in the same vehicle. However, activities such as software update or machine learning will be developed in the cloud.
In particular, the video option will be a predominant feature in the cars of tomorrow, providing entertainment, increasing road safety, and allowing drivers to “see through” other vehicles and making cars safer. To avoid thieves, many vehicles currently have several security cameras. These recordings can be stored on a secure digital card located inside the car, or upload them automatically to the cloud.
For some, the cloud has already lost its mystery and has become a public and vital service such as water or electricity. However, people do not have the need to fully understand the ramifications of network computing to benefit from the possibilities it offers.The cloud brings the great possibility of converting data into useful and relevant information, which will allow us to face Difficult problems such as sustainability, education, health and much more. Even when the forecast is cloudy, surely the future looks bright.